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Thursday, October 6, 2022

Fox Nut (Makhana) Cultivation Process In India – The Complete Guide

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Fox Nut or Makhana is a cash crop mainly found in water grass. Gorgon nut is also another name for Makhana. Moreover, Makhana has plenty of nutrients, which are more beneficial for the human body. Therefore, it has various applications in food. Apart from eating Makhana soaked in milk, it is also used for making Kheer, Sweets and Namkeen.

Makhana Cultivation Process In India

Moreover, Makhana thrives best in waterlogged land. Its plants consist of prickly leaves, and seeds develop on these leaves. If you also want to earn maximum profit by cultivating Makhana, this article provides information about growing Fox Nuts and caring for their plants.

Makhana Health Benefits:

  • Makhana has an adequate amount of fibre, and the calories are significantly less.
  • Regular consumption of Makhana keeps the kidney and heart healthy.
  • It is rich in calcium, which makes it more beneficial for bones.
  • Makhana removes physical weakness and generates energy in the body.

Many types of nutrients are present in Makhana, due to which our body gets many benefits from consuming Makhana.

Fox Nut Nutritional Values

Makhana is beneficial for the body. This is because it contains nutrients like iron, sodium, calories, minerals, phosphorus, carbohydrates, fats and proteins. Therefore, Makhana benefits body strength and removes physical weakness.

Pond Preparation For Fox Nuts

Makhana cultivation requires organic methods. The pond is prepared for its cultivation, in which the soil is first excavated by using the New Holland 3600 or any powerful tractor. After digging, fill the soil with water. Then, prepare the mud by mixing soil and water in that pond. Plant the Makhana seeds in this mud. After this, fill the water about 6 to 9 inches into the pond. Note that, must prepare the pond four months before sowing the seeds.

Suitable Conditions For Makhana

Makhana cultivation demands waterlogged black clay soil because its plants grow inside the water. Therefore, prepare a pond for its cultivation, and store water in it for a long time. Moreover, its plant is tropical and grows properly at an average temperature.

Makhana Plant Growth 

Its plants start growing in the form of prickly leaves after one to one and a half months after transplanting the seeds. These leaves cover the whole pond. After this, flowers develop on these leaves. Seeds are ready to be formed three to four days after flowering. Two months later, release the seed and the ripe seeds separate from the leaves and float on the surface of the water. These seeds go underwater after swimming for one to two days. Farmer brothers remove them later after removing the plants.

Sowing Season & Planting Method

Plant The Makhana on the lower surface of the pond. Remove and clean the weeds,before planting the seeds in the pond. Moreover, farmers can use the Eicher 380 or Mahindra 575 any excellent tractor. This reduces the risk of plants getting any disease in the beginning. After this, plant the seeds in the lower surface soil at a depth of 3 to 4 cm in the pond. However, a pond prepared in a one-hectare field requires about 80 kg of seeds.

We must sow seeds directly in the pond as prepared seedlings. Plants are prepared for transplanting in November and December. After this, it is most appropriate to grow them in January and February.

Fox Nut Caring

Cover the pond with a good net to take care of the Makhana plants, this gives the plants a cold environment, and they grow well. Moreover, it needs special attention to prevent the entry of stray animals into the pond. Apart from this, to maintain the quantity of water in the pond, run water in the pond when the water is low.

Makhana Harvesting & Yield

The leaves coming out of Makhana plants are prickly, and they cover the whole pond. Due to this, it is difficult to remove the seeds, which separate from the plants and go down to the surface. After this, when all the seeds ripen and go under water, remove the plants and collect the seeds. It takes longer for these seeds to come out, due to which many seeds also get spoiled. Finally, remove the skin from the seeds, taken out from the water and cleaned.

After this, remove the lava of the Makhana from these seeds using wood and a hammer. However, three kilograms of seeds yields only one kg of slag and this lava gives us the much known Makhana. Its market price is excellent, due to which farmer brothers earn more profit by cultivating Makhana.

I hope this blog has provided all the essential information about Makhana farming. To read more such content, stay connected with us.

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